论《喜福会》中中美文化的冲突及磨合

2020-09-16 16:57 次浏览

论《喜福会》中中美文化的冲突及磨合_英语论文

On the Collision and Fusion of Chinese and American Culture in Joy Luck Club

摘要

不同的文化相互碰撞会产生冲突。 因为受文化和教育的影响,来自不同文化背景下的人具有不同的价值观和不同的思维方式。在人际交往中,这些差异往往会导致冲突、误解,但是随着国际交往与合作的加深,文化冲突必将走向融合。谭恩美的作品《喜福会》就是描写文化的冲突与磨合的典型代表。

本文通过分析母女关系揭露《喜福会》中四对母女在教育、婚姻以及生活哲学等方面的分歧与妥协,借此反映中美文化的冲突与磨合。渐渐地,她们意识到只有通过爱和沟通才能避免冲突和误解。不同的文化亦是如此。除此之外,本文通过对原因的分析,得出对美国文化的认可、亲情、多元文化意识以及中华民族的崛起促使了中美文化的融合。最后,本文得出结论,相互尊重和相互理解可以避免不同文化之间的矛盾和冲突,文化之间的融合的趋势是必然的。

关键字: 中美文化;教育;婚姻;生活哲学;母女关系

Abstract

Different cultures usually conflict with each other. Because of cultures and education, people from different cultures usually hold different values of life and have different thinking styles, which will lead to collisions and misunderstandings. However, with the international contact and cooperation, cultural collisions will begin to converge. The Joy Luck Club, the masterpiece of Amy Tan, is one of the representatives which describe the collisions and fusions of cultures.

The paper reveals the collision and fusion of Chinese and American culture by analyzing the argument and compromises of the four mothers and daughters in education, marriage and living philosophies in the Joy Luck Club. Gradually, they realize that it is love and communication that can avoid conflicts and misunderstandings. So does different cultures. What’s more, through the analysis of the reasons of fusions, this paper concludes that the acceptance of American culture, kinship, the multicultural consciousness and the rise of China contribute to the fusions of Chinese and American culture. Finally, it concludes that it is respect and understanding that can avoid conflicts between different cultures and that the fusion is an inevitable trend of different cultures.

Key words: Chinese and American culture; education; marriage; living philosophy; mother-daughter relationship

Contents

Chapter One Introduction5

Chapter Two Collisions and Fusions in Education8

2.1 Collisions in Education9

2.2 Fusions in Education10

Chapter Three Collisions and Fusions in Marriage11

3.1 Collisions in Marriage11

3.2 Fusions in Marriage12

Chapter Four Collisions and Fusions in Living Philosophies14

4.1 Collisions in Living Philosophies14

4.1.1 The Ways to Express Themselves14

4.1.2 The Views on Family15

4.1.3 Collectivism and Individualism16

4.1.4 Religlious Beliefs17

4.2 Fusions in Living Philosophies17

Chapter Five Reasons of Fusions19

5.1 Mothers’ Acceptance American Culture19

5.2 Kinship19

5.3 The Multicultural Consciousness20

5.4 The Rise of China20

Chapter Six Conclusion22

Bibliography23

Acknowledegments24


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